Defining Due Diligence Obligation of States in Relation to Climate Change

Climate change and greenhouse gas (GHG) generation are global concerns, imposing an erga omnes obligation (para 33) on States to…

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Environmental Justice in Investment Arbitration: Will Renco v Peru (II) Pave the Way?

In Investor-State arbitration, argumentation regarding human rights and environmental protection has been controversial. This tension between investment law and human…

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Causality and the Laws of War, Terrorism and Asylum

There is a direct causal relationship between and among war, terrorism and asylum that is too often ignored by legal…

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Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and Others v Switzerland: The Intersection of Climate Change and the Human Right to Life

Introduction In the landmark case of Verein KlimaSeniorinnen Schweiz and Others v Switzerland, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR),…

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Anchoring the rights of nature paradigm: a trail to an emergent approach of greening international law?

In a historic decision, following the path of a resolution adopted by the Human Rights Council in 2021, the United…

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Azerbaijan v. Armenia before the ICJ: When Military Occupation is Racial Discrimination under CERD?

Introduction Following the so-called “44-Day War” in 2020, Azerbaijan and Armenia lodged reciprocal applications before the International Court of Justice…

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‘When Homes Turn into Rubble’: Advancing a Gender-Informed Approach to Post-Conflict Environmental Rehabilitation 

In light of recent declarations of war in several countries and the severe environmental impacts that accompany armed conflicts, it…

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In the Wake of Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict: Current Challenges to Regional Peace and International Law

Introduction The territorial conflict of over 30 years between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh escalated in the late 1980s and…

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